The LNG Canada project, a joint venture led and operated by Royal Dutch Shell, located in Kitimat, British Columbia, the westernmost province in Canada.
With its favourable B.C. North Coast location, LNG Canada will be able to ship liquefying natural gas straight to China, South-Korea rand other Asian markets in record low eight days. In comparison, it takes 20 days for LNG shipments to reach Asian markets from the Gulf of Mexico and 14 days from the Middle East.
Asian markets are key consumers of LNG with China surpassing South Korea last year as the world’s second largest importer of LNG by volume, and Japan remaining as the world’s largest consumer by volume. Demand in Southeast Asia and India is also rapidly growing, raising demand for LNG facilities such as LNG Canada. First shipment from LNG Canada is predicted to depart by roughly 2023. Once constructed LNG Canada will have annual processing capacity of 6 million tonnes of LNG per train (two trains currently included in the work scope). Through future expansion the annual total capacity could increase to 26 million tonnes of LNG per year.
The joint venture partners of LNG Canada, PetroChina (20%), Mitsubishi Japan (15%) and Kogas South Korea (15%), are yet to make a final investment decision on the project. They are targeting a FID (final investment decision) in the second half of 2018 with contracts currently being awarded for the different stages of the project. The project, which includes the liquefying plant, gas pipeline and several upstream facilities has a price tag of roughly US$32.2 billion (C$40 billion).
For the engineering, procurement and construction work scope covering Trains 1 and 2, a consortium of Fluor of the US and JGC of Japan has emerged as the preferred bidder. Nikkei, the world’s largest financial newspaper estimates the contract to be worth US$14 billion.
In 2014 the CFSW group, a joint venture between the Canadian subsidiaries of Chiyoda and the-then Foster Wheeler, Saipem and WorleyParsons was awarded a contract to provide front-end engineering and design services, but it was cancelled due to the challenging industry environment.
In recent months a major hurdle for LNG Canada was removed as the B.C government announced a suite of special taxes, previously imposed by the Liberal government. The taxes included a special LNG tax on exports and electricity rates that were higher than the typical industry rate.
However, there is still one major hurdle remaining as the Canadian government imposed a 45 per cent tariff on fabricated steel from South Korea, China and Spain.
Large LNG modules needed for the LNG plant have never been built in Canada and will therefore be fabricated in Asia and imported. This could add 100s of millions of dollars to the cost of the LNG modules. LNG Canada has applied to the federal government for an exemption from the tariff, but no decision has been made.
Over the past 10 years Mentor IMC Group have successfully provided specialist expertise to LNG projects around the world and will continue to do so in the future!
We are always on the lookout for new talent so make sure you visit our oil and gas job opportunities page!